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HISTORIC ORGANS IN THE STATE OF OAXACA

FIRST STAGE: 1686-1776
Baroque aesthetic; strong presence of the Dominican order in Oaxaca until around

1750; cases often decorated with religious imagery and gilded; keyboards with 45

notes (unless later modified) with a short octave

 
Name of the Town (# of keys)
Region Date or Century
 
LARGE DIMENSIONS (8' ORGANS)
 
*Basílica de La Soledad Oaxaca (45) Central Valleys (City) 1686/XVIII (2,6)
*Oaxaca Catedral (original 45, new 47) Central Valleys (City) 1711-12 (5,6
*Santo Domingo Yanhuitlan (47) Mixteca Alta ca.1700 (1,2,6)
San Pedro y San Pablo Teposcolula (45) Mixteca Alta XVIII early
San Mateo Yucucuí (45) Mixteca Alta 1743 (5)
Santiago Teotongo (45) Mixteca Alta XVIII (ca. 1743)
San Pedro Ozumacín (45) Papalopam/Chinantec

XVIII (3)

 
MEDIUM DIMENSIONS (4' STATIONARY ORGANS)

 

Santa María Tiltepec (45) Mixteca Alta 1703 (2,5)
San Dionisio Ocotepec (45) Central Valleys 1721 (2)
San Juan Teitipac (45?) Central Valleys XVIII early (3)
*San JerónimoTlacochahuaya (45) Central Valleys before 1735 (1,2)
Santiago Tejupan (45) Mixteca Alta 1776 (2.5)
     
MEDIUM DIMENSIONS (4' ORGANS ON TABLES)

 

*San Andrés Zautla (45) Central Valleys 1726 (1,2,5,6)
San Pedro Quiatoni (45) Central Valleys 1729 (1,2,4)
San Pedro Mártir Yucuxaco (45) Mixteca Alta 1740 (5)
Santiago Guevea de Humboldt (45) Isthmus (Zapotec) 1745 (1,2,3)
Sta. María Peñoles (45) Mixteca Alta XVIII early (2,3)

San Miguel Tequixtepec (41, 44)

San Andres Huayapam (45)

Mixteca Alta

Central Valleys

XVIII early (3)

1772(5)

 

SMALL DIMENSIONS (2' ORGANS ON TABLES)

 

Sta. María de la Asunción Tlacolula (45) Central Valleys ca. 1700 (2,3)
Santiago Tlazoyaltepec (45) Mixteca Alta 1724 (2,4)
Santiago Ixtaltepec (45) Mixteca Alta 1730 (2)
San Juan Bautista Coixtlahuaca (45) Mixteca Alta ca.1724-1730 (2)
*Sta. Ma. de la Natividad Tamazulapan (45) Mixteca Alta ca.1724-1730 (2,6)
San Pedro Cholula (45) Mixteca Alta ca.1724-1730 (2,3)
San Andrés Nuxiño (45) Mixteca Alta ca.1724-1730 (2,3)
San Lucas Quiavini (45) Central Valleys XVIII (4,7)
San Bartolo Soyaltepec (42)    Mixteca Alta XVIII (8?)

 


SECOND STAGE: 1777 - 1839
Transition between the baroque and neoclassic aesthetic; secularization of the clergy

and diminished influence of religious orders in New Spain; with few exceptions, the

cases are no longer painted, gilded or decorated with religious imagery.

 

LARGE DIMENSIONS (8' ORGANS)

 

Santa Maria de la Asunción Tlacolula (45) Central Valleys 1791 (1)
San Melchor Betaza (45) Sierra Norte Zapoteca XVIII/XIX (3)
Santiago Comaltepec(45) Sierra Norte Chinanteca XVIII/XIX (3)
Santa María Ejutla (45) Central Valleys XVIII/XIX
San Miguel Huautla (45) Mixteca Alta XVIII/XIX (8?)
Santo Tomás Apóstol Ixtlán (45) Sierra Norte Zapoteca XVIII/XIX
Santiago Lachiguiri (45) Sierra Norte Zapoteca XVIII/XIX (3)
San Pedro Quilitongo (45) Mixteca Alta XVIII/XIX (3)
San Pedro Tidaá Mixteca Alta XVIII/XIX (3)
Asunción Mixtepec (45) Sierra Sur Zapoteca XVIII/XIX (4)
*Sta. María de la Asunción Tlaxiaco(47) Mixteca Alta ca.1800
San Baltazar Yatzachi el Alto (47) Sierra Norte Zapoteca 1835 (3)
     
MEDIUM DIMENSIONS (4'STATIONARY ORGANS)

 

San Andrés Sinaxtla (45) Mixteca Alta 1791
Santiago Chazumba (45) Mixteca Alta XVIII/XIX (1,8)
Santo Domingo Nuxaa (45) Mixteca Alta 1807 (5)
San Bartolo Yautepec (45) Sierra Sur Zapoteca XVIII/XIX (4)
San Mateo Capulalpam de Méndez (45) Sierra Norte Zapoteca 1816 (5)
Santa María Tinú (45) Mixteca Alta 1828 (5)
San Antonino el Alto (45) Sierra Sur Zapoteca XVIII/XIX (4)
Santa María Teotitlán del Valle (45) Central Valleys XVIII/XIX
Santiago Matatlán (45) Central Valleys XVIII/XIX
San Miguel Chicahua (45) Mixteca Alta XVIII/XIX (8?)
San Pablo Coatlán (45) Sierra Sur Zapoteca XVIII/XIX (4,7)
Santa María Pápalo (45) Cañada (Cuicatec) XVIII/XIX (3,7)
Santa María Apazco (45) Mixteca Alta XVIII/XIX (7)
Sta. María Suchixtlán (47) Mixteca Alta XIX (3)
     
MEDIUM DIMENSIONS (4' ORGANS ON TABLES)

 

Concepción Buenavista (51) Mixteca Alta 1802 (5)
San Miguel del Valle (45) Central Valleys XVIII/XIX (4,8)

 


THIRD STAGE: 1839 - 1900
(Extended keyboards -
49 or more keys arranged chromatically)

 

LARGE DIMENSIONS (8' ORGANS)

 

San Miguel Teotitlán de Flores Magón (49) Cañada (Mazatec) 1839
Sta. Maria de la Natividad Tamazulapan (54) Mixteca Alta 1840 (5)
San Matías Jalatlaco (56) Central Valleys (City) 1866 (5)
Sta. María Zaachila (56) Central Valleys XIX
San Juan Bautista Coixtlahuaca (54) Mixteca Alta 1876
Santa. Cruz de Amilpas (56) Central Valleys XIX (5)
Asunción de María Tehuantepec (56) Isthmus (Zapoteca) XIX
San Miguel Tlalixtac (55) Central Valleys XIX
San Melchor Yatzachi el Bajo Sierra Norte Zapoteca XIX (7)
Sta. María Alotepec (56) Sierra Norte Mixe XIX (3)
     
MEDIUM DIMENSIONS (4' STATIONARY ORGANS)

 

San Juan Ihualtepec (53) Mixteca Baja 1852 (4,8)
Santiago Ihuitlán Plumas (53) Mixteca Alta XIX (3,8?)
San Miguel Ahuehuetitlán (54) Mixteca Baja XIX (4,8)
*San Pedro Zapotitlán Lagunas (54) Mixteca Baja 1885 (4, 8)
Santiago Tamazola (54) Mixteca Baja

1888 (3,8)

Concepción Tepelmeme (54) Mixteca Alta 1891 (8)

* Restored organs

CHARACTERISTICS CODE

1 Faces painted on the facade pipes
2 Polychrome case
3 Organ reported for the first time by the IOHIO
4 Organ already reported; documented by the IOHIO
5 Organ already documented; date discovered by the IOHIO
6 New keyboard, not original
7 Only a few other interior parts remain (windchest, pipes, etc.)
8 Organ constructed in Puebla or elsewhere

     

TWENTIETH-CENTURY ORGANS
Imported from Germany

     
Carmen de Abajo (Walcker) Central Valleys (City) 1907 - 1908

Nuestra Señora del Patrocinio

(Schlag und Söhne)

Central Valleys (City) ca. 1900